I am a Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Exeter, specializing in public international law. My work focuses mainly on questions of operational law, including the law of armed conflict, the legal status of foreign armed forces and the application of human rights law in deployed operations. I have published widely in leading academic journals on status of forces agreements, peace support operations and the legal aspects of European security and defence policy.

I maintain close working relationships with legal practitioners in the armed forces and lecture regularly on the subject of international law and military operations in the UK and abroad. I am a Fellow of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps.

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The Status of Armed Forces in Public International Law: Jurisdiction and Immunity

In this contribution to the Research Handbook on Jurisdiction and Immunities in International Law (edited by Alexander Orakhelashvili), I explore how the rules of State jurisdiction and State immunity apply to foreign armed forces. What is the law of the flag? Why is the legal status of foreign military personnel not the same as that of tourists? Find out here!
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Untangling Extra-Territorial Jurisdiction from International Responsibility in Jaloud v. Netherlands

In this article, I argue that the European Court has taken one step forward in the Jaloud case by introducing the notion of full command into the debate on extra-territorial jurisdiction, but two steps back by sowing unnecessary confusion with regard to the applicable rules of attribution.
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Targeting and Detention in Non-International Armed Conflict: Serdar Mohammed

This article examines the implications of the Serdar Mohammed case on the law of armed conflict. It argues that the judgment is mistaken as a matter of law and undesirable as a matter of policy, as it drives the convergence between international human rights law and the law of armed conflict too far.

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